Please note: The following are adapted from literature, and no guarantees are made regarding accuracy or applicability to any specific circumstance. In particular, published papers generally make many assumptions in order to reach broad and/or simplified conclusions, which may not hold true for all patients. Management decisions regarding cerebrovascular disease are complex, and must be made by the patient and their family under guidance of an expert neurovascular physician. (© Babak S. Jahromi, 2020)